Are you needing to learn all about the IRS health insurance reimbursement guidelines? We’ve got the information you need! The IRS has released rules and regulations surrounding the design and administration of HRAs (health reimbursement arrangements) which ensure that they're being administered fairly without discrimination. Here are a few of the IRS HRA rule highlights.
How health insurance reimbursement works
An HRA is a tax-advantaged tool built on a series of regulations that helps to ensure it is being offered fairly and achieving its intended aim, which is to help employees pay for individual health insurance coverage. The best part? This helps them pay for their health insurance plan tax-free.
An HRA works pretty much exactly how it sounds: the employer reimburses for individual health insurance coverage and qualifying medical expenses on a pre tax basis, and the employee chooses a health care plan that fits their needs. Employees are reimbursed when they submit a claim.
There are two major types of health reimbursement arrangements HRAs that business owners should know about. They are ICHRA (individual coverage HRA), a 401(K) style benefit solution with no company size limitations or reimbursement limits, and QSEHRA (qualified small employer HRA), which is designed for companies with less than 50 employees. While they are both tax advantaged accounts, they are not the same as the familiar flexible spending accounts or health savings accounts.
All about the IRS health insurance reimbursement guidelines
The Internal Revenue Code is very clear in defining which qualified medical expenses are reimbursable on a pre tax basis, what the definition of an applicable large employer is as it relates to the Affordable Care Act, how premium tax credits work with ICHRA and QSEHRA, and what the definition of full time equivalent employees is.
- The 11 ICHRA classes provide an added layer of flexibility. Now employers can scale benefit contributions differently based on hourly vs. salaried or even temporary employees from staffing agencies. Employers can utilize multiple plan types, but can only offer one plan to each employee class: For example, an employer could offer a traditional group plan to full-time employees and an ICHRA or QSEHRA to part-time employees but they can’t offer both to a single class.
- There will be a minimum class size for some categories: We understand the regulators' desire to limit adverse selection, but wish these had remained a little more flexible. In general, employers with fewer than 100 employees must have at least 10 employees in a "class". For employers between 100-200, classes must make up at least 10% of the total number of employees. Employers with over 200 employees must have at least 20 employees in a given class.
Special Enrollment Period:
- Employees that are newly eligible for a QSEHRA or ICHRA will be eligible for a Special Enrollment Period (SEP) and able to enroll in an individual plan on the marketplace.
Traditional Group Plans:
- “Traditional Group Plan” or group health plans have been redefined to not include plans made up solely of “excepted benefits”: This fixes an issue with QSEHRA where employers offering a group dental or vision plan were disqualified from QSEHRA. With this fix, employers can offer ICHRA and a group dental plan without issue.
Qualified Health Plans:
For employees to participate in ICHRA and receive reimbursements, they must be covered by a qualified individual health plan. For a plan to be considered “qualified,” it must meet two primary requirements:
- Have no annual or lifetime limits (PHS 2711)
- Cover preventive health services with no cost sharing (PHS 2713)
- Healthcare Sharing Ministries (HCSM) will not be eligible for ICHRA: This is a bummer. Again, we understand the concerns of the regulators, but healthcare sharing members are already operating outside of the risk pool.
- QSEHRA and ICHRA will not be subject to ERISA as long as certain safe harbors are met: This is important to keep these plans simple and free of more burdensome regulations.
Want to read the IRS health insurance reimbursement guidelines for yourself?
- IRS announcements on Health Reimbursement Arrangements
- IRS FAQs on health reimbursement arrangements
- IRS ACA Tax Provisions for Employers
If you think an HRA might work for your business, don't hesitate to reach out to our HRA experts. We are around to chat on our website and would be happy to help you.
In the meantime, give our new HRA Guide a read! It's full of helpful info.
A wife to one and mother to four, Keely does all of the things. She’s also dabbled in personal finance blogging and social media management, contributed to MetroFamily magazine, and is passionate about good food, treasure hunting and upcycling. With a B.S. in Psychology from the University of Oklahoma and a knack for a witty punchline, it’s no surprise that Keely’s social posts are as clever as they get. In her (very little) free time, you’ll find Keely with her nose in a book or trying out a local restaurant with her family.